Month: January 2021

  • Facebook breaks wall between digital, real life

    first_imgTake a photo. Photoshop. Upload to Facebook. The steps sound simple, but Notre Dame professors said more thought goes into the process than most people realize.  Jessica Collett, assistant professor of sociology, said we are much more “intentional” in our online interactions with others. “It’s not that we want to put up an image of ourselves that is untrue or inaccurate,” Collett said. “[But people] are going to look for clues about who you are. Because we only have that split second, that first impression … we’re going to choose pieces of information to put up there that we think reflect who we really are.” As a result, the effects of Facebook can extend far beyond online profiles and into people’s lives and relationships.  She said others will often treat us according to the image of ourselves we present on Facebook. In turn, we act according to how we are treated. “If we have a preconceived notion about somebody, then we’ll interpret any kind of information in ways that support that [notion],” she said. Collett said Facebook also prompts us to define and categorize ourselves based on our interests.  “Facebook is really about us putting forth our identities,” she said. “That when we say that we like a particular [TV] show, we’re not just trying to say that ‘This is what I watch,’ we’re saying something about … the kind of person we are.”  Susan Blum, a professor of anthropology who has studied the effects of new media on the “self” for the past decade, said Facebook can function to prove or validate occurrences in our lives.  “People are very aware of the way they’re being seen,” she said. “I’ve heard people say, ‘Oh, wait until I post this on Facebook.’ So as they’re acting, they’re simultaneously conscious of the fact that their real-life action will become almost ‘realer’ when it’s posted.”  Dangers to identity Blum said one of the potential downsides to using Facebook, or any similar social media site, is that it causes people to perform an exaggerated identity that may or may not be real.  “I think there’s plenty of motivation to do that in our lives anyway, and so Facebook increases that tendency,” she said. Collett said these exaggerations of identity can trigger anxiety as relationships transition from the digital world to the real world.  “Sometimes you can believe that what you’re presenting isn’t accurate … maybe you choose your most flattering picture, and then you meet people who maybe you haven’t even met in person yet, and then there’s just this stress [of] living up to expectations,” she said. Facebook use also becomes risky, Collett said, when digital identities are too calculated. “I think it can be dangerous … if people get too caught up in the way that they’re presenting themselves, and don’t have a space where they feel like they can be their authentic selves,” she said.  Blum said she questions whether online interaction makes face-to-face interaction even more “scary” than it already is.  “Facebook, you can control because you do it at your own pace. You can almost post something, and change your mind,” she said. “In speaking, there’s all this sort of uncontrollable stuff that happens, which is why human speech is so powerful.” But Blum said interactions on social networking sites can actually augment real life interactions.  “There’s been what sociologists call ‘moral panic’ about social media, [concern about] the fact that people are more comfortable interacting digitally than they are face to face,” she said. “But there was a recent study from the Pew [Research] Center [that shows] the more active people are in social media, the more real life interactions they have as well.”  Public sphere Anita Kelly, a professor of psychology who has researched the effects of public versus private self-representation, said what we choose to say publicly has a much greater impact on our identity than what we say privately. She said the public nature of Facebook is what makes it so influential.  “To the extent that Facebook is more public, it has great potential to help or harm that identity,” she said. “Once you think others have this view of yourself, you feel you have to behave in a way that [confirms] those views.” Collett said that on Facebook, we must live up to a multitude of identities because different “types” of friends see us in different ways. “You have this clash of worlds … and it can incite drama,” Collett said. “So, it’s not just your Notre Dame friends, but it’s your high school friends … and it’s your friends from back home and it’s your grandmother and your aunt.” The question is, who will see that wall post or status update? Blum said college students usually think of their intended audience as their peers despite having a wide range of Facebook friends. “You’re creating a persona, as we do all the time in our real life, but you have time to create it and you’re aware of all the eyes that will be seeing it,” Blum said. “Although if you have 1,000 friends, that’s a lot of eyes.” Kelly said people should be more aware of just how much Facebook profiles impact the way others view us. “People should be more careful,” Kelly said. “There’s a mentality of ‘it doesn’t matter what people think,’ but no one [really] believes that,” she said.  She said negative images posted on Facebook can be forgotten, but not if they are vivid. “People remember things that are prototypes of a broader category, [for example] dancing on a tabletop without clothes, that fits the prototype of wildness,” she said. “It’s hard to undo that.”  Past, present and future  Blum said the extent of the cyber footprint we leave on Facebook is striking.  “There’s a sort of a digital self that’s out there, and even though Facebook only started seven or eight years ago, it’s going to predate itself [for example] by finding our baby pictures that people have posted, so pretty soon our whole life and biography will be digitally mapped,” she said. She said psychologists and sociologists have conducted extensive research on the way Facebook affects identity, but the enormous amount of data Facebook houses is used in other settings as well.  “It’s an interesting idea that there is all this data out there … which is somewhat terrifying,” Blum said. “And Facebook, like Google, can analyze it and organize it with no volition on our part, no intention on our part.” Collett said the new Facebook Timeline profile, which offers users the opportunity to sort and highlight life events chronologically, also makes it easier for users to look back on the past. And sometimes, looking back on the past lies outside our comfort zones. “We like to be selective about what it is that we remember, in the same way that we like to be selective about what it is we put forth [on Facebook],” Collett said. “I do think the Timeline is about people suddenly feeling, ‘Oh my goodness, am I defined by this page?’”  But regardless of how Facebook is formatted, Collett said the site still reflects our identity in much the same way.   “[People] are reacting against the fact that [Timeline] feels like it’s defining your life for you, but ultimately actually that’s what we’ve been doing for a long time,” she said. “I would argue that for a long time Facebook has been representing who we are, as far as our identities go.”last_img read more

  • Vatican analyst shares reporting experience

    first_imgIt was a full house in the Andrews Auditorium of Geddes Hall on Monday night to hear John Allen Jr., Vatican correspondent for the National Catholic Reporter (NCR), speak on the international Catholic Church and its impact on American Catholics. A Vatican analyst for CNN and National Public Radio, Allen titled his talk, “Seeing the Church with Global Eyes: The Rise of a World Church and What It Means for American Catholics.” Allen has reported on the Vatican response to the American sexual abuse crisis, the death of Pope John Paul II and the elections of Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI and Pope Francis. Allen opened by sharingd a few vignettes about his experience thus far with Francis, who was elected last spring. “Only four percent of Americans have a negative opinion of the pope, which I find to be nothing short of stunning,” Allen said. “The guy is a force of nature.” Allen said Francis’ trip to Rio de Janeiro for World Youth Day in late July drew crowds of three million people, which shattered the city’s record previously set by the Rolling Stones. “Francis has taken the world and the Church by storm, and this earthquake is only beginning,” Allen said. Allen also commented on the changing Catholic demography in thet21st century. He said Catholics are now living in the most sweeping, dramatic and profound transformation in Catholic population in church history. “In 1900, there were 266 million Catholics, and 200 million lived in Europe and North America. The ethnic profile was basically what it was in at the Council of Trent,” he said. “In the year 2000, there were 1.1 billion Catholics, of whom 740 million lived in the developing world outside the West … a stunning, stunning transformation.” Allen said since only 70 million baptized Catholics lived in the U.S.  American Catholics only made up six percent of Catholic population. “That means 94 percent aren’t like us,” he said. “If you want, think about the Catholic Church in the 21st century. You can think globally or you can think dysfunctionally.” One of the priorities of American Catholic cardinals is renewed evangelization, which Allen paraphrased to mean “the effort of relighting the missionary fires of the Catholic Church.” “It’s about moving from maintenance to mission, sustaining the institutions to seeing them as subsidiary to the core purpose, which is inviting people into the Church and transforming the world from the inside out,” he said. “So the question is: How do you get there globally?” While new evangelization efforts in the U.S. have been fighting a metaphorical war against secularism and the contraception mandate, Allen said this is not the case in most other parts of the Catholic world. “There is a decidedly literal war against religion in many other parts of the world, in which Christians are the primary victims,” he said. “In the U.S., not having religious freedom means you might get sued. In many other global neighborhoods, you might get shot. This rates much higher on the urgency meter.” Allen said 80 percent of religious persecution and violence is directed toward Christians, making Christians the most persecuted religious group on the planet. Between 2006 and 2011, an average of 100,000 Christians have been killed for motives related to their faith each year. “That means in the hour that we are here tonight, somewhere in this world, 11 Christians are losing their lives,” he said. “That is what a real threat to religious freedom looks like.” Allen concluded by paraphrasing Francis when asked his audience about church unity and their reactions to news of Christian persecution last Wednesday. “When you hear reports, do you pray? Do you take it to heart? Does it not affect you? We have to feel ourselves as members of one local church,” he said. “You have to say, ‘That’s my brother, that’s my sister in the line of fire.’” Cotnact Meghan Thomassen at [email protected]last_img read more

  • Bob Mundy named to Common Application’s board of directors

    first_imgEvery Notre Dame student used the Common Application to apply to the University, but not many people think about what goes into creating and updating the popular application platform.According to the Common Application’s website, a board of directors consisting of deans of admission, directors of college counseling, vice presidents of enrollment and high school counselors runs the application and makes changes to it throughout the year.In August, Notre Dame’s director of admissions Bob Mundy was elected to the board of directors for the Common Application.Mundy said his election to the board will not affect the Notre Dame admissions process.“I will be representing a much broader constituency,” Mundy said. “It’s not Notre Dame specific, but it focuses on much broader issues affecting the Common Application. It’s just a different position in that regard.”Mundy said the election was national, among all schools who use the Common Application. Each university or college that is a member of the Common Application can vote on who they want on the Board of Directors.In the early stages of the process, Mundy said, he nominated himself. He said after the nomination occurs, there is a vetting process which ultimately leads to the creation of a ballot, which is then distributed by the current board.After the ballot is produced, all members get a chance to vote.According to the Common Application’s website, more than 600 colleges and universities use the Common Application, and nearly one million students apply through the Common Application every year.Mundy said his goal for the Common Application is simply a return to stability, as over the past few years the Common Application has been marked by technical failures and instability.“What I hope will happen in the next few years is that the Common Application will return to being a stable platform for college applicants, and secondly, once we get that stability, we can then talk about making it a much better experience for students,” Mundy said.As a member of the board of directors, Mundy will serve on one of three committees — the application committee, the outreach committee or the governance committee. Mundy said he doesn’t yet know on which committee he will sit.According to a University press release, Mundy has been working in admissions for over 30 years. However, he has only been working with the Common Application for the past seven years.“[Notre Dame] joined the Common Application in 2008, [and] we began using it for the 2009 class,” he said. “It provided for us a great technology platform that we were not able to duplicate on our own. One big change that was coming after we joined was the electronic transmission of high school forms. We were running our own application at that point, but we were not in a position to duplicate that functionality…“That was a big reason [Notre Dame switched to the Common Application], because of the functionality it provided to students who were applying.”According to the press release, this electronic convenience spurred Mundy to implement multiple major software updates, such as a central student information system, a document management product and a client relationship manager.Mundy said one of perks of the Common Application is its ability to reach students of all different backgrounds, as it provides an accessible platform that is easy to use and encourages students to apply to college by limiting the paperwork they have to fill out.“What the Common App provides for students in terms of access is great, it makes it easy for students to apply to college,” Mundy said. “There is a mission … of creating great access for students. In many cases there are students who aren’t even thinking about college, and we want to make it accessible for them. That is the goal.”Tags: board of directors, Bob Mundy, common applast_img read more

  • Notre Dame launches Global Gateway in Jerusalem

    first_imgNotre Dame International (NDI) launched a Global Gateway program in Jerusalem this spring in order to offer more opportunities in Israel for Notre Dame students, academic director for the program Robert Smith said. “When Notre Dame International introduced the Gateway concept a few years ago, the plan was to begin establishing Gateways where the University already had a strong presence,” Smith said in an email. “Tantur Ecumenical Institute has been operating in Jerusalem, with strong Notre Dame support, since 1972. It made sense to establish a Gateway here. Not only is Jerusalem a World Heritage City with a role to play in relation to most global conversations about faith and politics, but we already had a strong presence here through Tantur.”The new location provides a plethora of new experiences for interested students, Smith said. “The Jerusalem Global Gateway provides an important location for research and collaboration for many aspects of the University of Notre Dame. I have received concurrent faculty appointments in the department of theology and the new Keough School of Global Affairs. Jerusalem is an ideal place to study the intersection of theology and global affairs, so I anticipate many programs with that sort of emphasis,” he said. According to Smith, the program will encourage other members of the Notre Dame community in Jerusalem to host or attend additional conferences.“I am eager to engage in conferences and symposia in Jerusalem that further enhance the already stellar reputation of the University of Notre Dame,” Smith said. “The Gateway is a place for collaboration; we intend to collaborate locally, regionally and globally on ways to address a wide variety of topics. “Beyond study abroad opportunities, I look forward to working with professors, program directors and academic departments on campus to increase the number of students and researchers having meaningful experiences in Jerusalem. We have a long-standing partnership with the Kroc Institute and the Keough School [of Global Affairs] to utilize the services of the Gateway.”According to the NDI brochure, the aims of the Global Gateway include “supporting undergraduate study and multidisciplinary scholarly engagement.”“Jerusalem is a complex, multi-layered environment,” Smith said. “If you have a research interest or a more general interest in the intersections of religion, culture and politics, this might be a place you’ll want to visit. I look forward to hearing ideas from students, staff and faculty about how some time in Jerusalem would benefit research and learning goals.”While the program formally launched in the spring, according to Smith, it is looking to expand over the next several semesters. “Each Gateway has significant study abroad programs for undergraduate students. We currently have eight students in Jerusalem, taking classes at Tantur, Bethlehem University, Hebrew University and the Polis Institute for Language Studies. We anticipate significant growth in the Jerusalem program,” he said.This summer, the Gateway will host two sessions for more than 30 students, Smith said. The Gateway will also serve as a site for International Summer Service Learning Programs (ISSLPs) for students pursuing service learning in a variety of contexts.Smith said he is excited to be part of the NDI Global Gateway community. “Each Gateway is a place for the people and programs of the University to encounter a significant global context, but we also function in ways that bring elements of our context into our universities. The process of internationalizing the University means that we build relationships around the world to significantly expand our academic horizons,” he said. Tags: Global Gateway, Jerusalem, Jerusalem Gateway, NDI, Notre Dame International, study abroadlast_img read more

  • College students to intern at service-oriented summer camp

    first_imgAs part of an internship with the Holy Cross Ministries Summer Service Program, four Saint Mary’s sophomores will spend eight weeks in Park City, Utah this summer to work at a summer camp for children ages 6 through 12.The camp is science, technology, engineering, art and math (STEAM) focused, and according to the job description, camp activities are designed to be both educational and fun. The camp objective on the Holy Cross Ministries website is to provide “a variety of activities designed to help students build skills and assets that will help reduce summer learning loss and increase social and emotional development.”According to the Holy Cross Ministries website, Summer Service interns help the students not only keep up academically, but also adjust socially and cope with the challenges they face in life, something incoming intern Teresa Brickey said aligns with the College mission.“I am really excited to dedicate my summer to investing my time to the Holy Cross missions,” she said. “This tradition is deeply connected to our college, and I take pride in it. And I am really excited to meet new people and spend time in a place that I have never been to.”Each intern will work with teachers to plan inclusive activities for a small class of campers, including students from non-English speaking, first-generation immigrant homes, according to the intern job description.Despite this language barrier, incoming intern Madeline Moeller said her previous service seminars through the Center for Social Concerns — such as the Urban Plunge and Appalachia trips — helped prepare her for this position.“I found a passion for serving others through these seminars, and I am excited to serve and to work with the youth this summer,” she said.Incoming intern Michaela Mwachande also said she feels prepared because of her experiences working at the local Kroc Center.“I went in for the interview feeling pretty confident about my experience and overall willingness to help children,” Mwachande said.Incoming intern Jessica Purvis also has prior experience working with kids. Purvis currently volunteers at the Early Childhood Development Center at Notre Dame, which she said gives her plenty of hands-on experience with children.Despite these helpful experiences, however, Purvis said she is nervous about connecting with the kids she will work with in Utah.“It is summer, and naturally school isn’t where kids want to spend their time off,” she said. “I’m hoping I can make this experience as fun for them as it is will be for me.”As an early childhood education minor, Purvis said she is excited to put the ideas she learns in class into practice. In one of her education classes, she observed a local elementary class for 30 hours a week, she said.“I was able to learn so much from the teachers there, and I know will carry over into my teaching this summer,” Purvis said.Though leaving home is bittersweet, Brickey said she and her fellow interns know they will make a huge impact on these children’s lives, and they are excited to have such an influential and meaningful summer job.“Not seeing my parents or my little brother is going to be rough, but overall we understand that this is something that I have been called to do right now in my life,” she said.Purvis said her family has been incredibly supportive and is already planning a roadtrip to visit her in Utah. Overall, she said, the internship is a chance for her to make a lasting difference.“I am most excited about having an opportunity to make an impact in children’s lives,” Purvis said. “I’ve never had the chance to make a difference firsthand, and this summer I will be able to do so.”Tags: Holy Cross Ministries, service, STEAM, Summer service programlast_img read more

  • PEMCo performs “Urinetown”

    first_imgThe curtain will open this weekend on the Pasquerilla East Music Company’s (PEMCo) production of “Urinetown.” The student-run musical theater group will perform the satirical show Thursday, Friday and Saturday at 7 p.m. on the Washington Hall main stage.“Urinetown” is a musical about a town that has undergone a drought. In order to compensate for the lack of water, a water company requires citizens to pay to use the restroom. The show follows the inevitable monopolization of bathrooms and the chaos and humor that ensues. Freshman Gabrielle Evans, who plays Hope Cladwell — the female lead — said the play is a coming-of-age story for her character.“It’s a weird premise at first, but when you think about it, it’s all about conversation,” Evans said. “The female main character grows up in a sheltered bubble and the show is her journey with the audience to open her eyes to what is going on around them.”“Urinetown” was entirely student produced. Students designed and built the set, props, costume, lights and audio and directed and choreographed the musical as well. PEMCo executive producer senior Kelsey Dool thinks that the show’s political commentary is necessary to create a conversation on Notre Dame’s campus about conservation and respecting others’ beliefs.“It’s a satire so it’s shedding light on some flaws in society,” Dool said. “It doesn’t take a particular side though it’s satirizing everything from capitalism to populism and musical theater itself. Our director mostly wants people to get out of ‘Urinetown’ that being totally committed to one side of an argument is dangerous. He wants people to see a need for conversation especially since this is such a polarized time in society and people are not listening to the other side.”Evans also said despite the show’s facade of comedy and musical numbers, the actors are focused on conveying its deeper themes and relevance. “It’s an important show for everyone on campus to see because it has to do with taking care of the environment for ourselves and for the future,” Evans said. “It gives a real perspective on what could happen if we are irresponsible with our choices.”Director and sophomore Patrick Starner thinks that the tongue-in-cheek nature of the show and its self-awareness makes “Urinetown” unique. “It takes such a ridiculous and over the top premise and makes it down to earth and relevant,” Starner said. “In theater you get the dichotomy between drama and comedy but here there’s a happy medium. Yes, it’s funny and you’re going to laugh, but at the same time it’s encouraging you to think about the different themes.”Rehearsals for the musical began in November and the cast has used this week as a technical week to finally rehearse on the main stage and organize lighting and sound. Over the past few days, PEMCo has been actively promoting the show on campus through several platforms, including social media and hanging flyers in bathroom stalls. Freshman Nick Townley — who plays Bobby Strong, one of “Urinetown’s” male leads — said the show’s humor is critical in effectively demonstrating the overarching themes and goals of “Urinetown.”“The audience can expect some quick timed jokes,” he said. “The comedy is very timing based. Also, make sure to go to the bathroom beforehand because it is a privilege to pee.”Junior Mario Simone — who plays Caldwell B. Cladwell, the other male lead — said the cast and crew are always upbeat during rehearsals, which has aided PEMCo in preparing for the performances.Senior Denise Dorotheo, PEMCo‘s marketing producer, also noted that underclassmen compose a majority of students involved in PEMCo’s performance of “Urinetown.”“This is a really young cast so people would be impressed to know that the male and female lead are both freshmen,” she said. “They’re doing an amazing job. It’s their first year and they’re really stepping up to the plate.”In addition to this weekend’s production, PEMCo also has a fall and spring show, an end-of-year revue and performs cabarets at Legends.One of Starner’s goals for the production of “Urinetown” was for the cast to also have a strong part in directing the show. Throughout rehearsals, he emphasized the importance of the actors’ individual voices and opinions shaping the ultimate production of the show. “For me working with the cast is always about what they want to bring to the show because I’m not in the business of having a director that says this is how a certain character is going to be,” he said. “That discourages the cast from getting personally invested in the show. I’m a firm believer in collaboration and they’ve brought a lot of nice ideas to the table. This show is not my show in any way, shape or form. It’s everyone’s show.”Tags: musical theater, PEMCo, satire, Urinetownlast_img read more

  • Heisman Trophy winner donates $1 million to Notre Dame

    first_imgNotre Dame alum and 1964 Heisman Trophy winner John Huarte and his wife, Eileen, donated $1 million to the University in order to found “an endowment for grants-in-aid” for student-athletes, Notre Dame announced in a press release Saturday.Having assisted the University’s Joyce Grants-in-Aid Program for many years, the Huarte’s have donated a total of $1.5 million to athletic scholarships.Jack Swarbrick, University vice president and director of athletics, praised the Huarte family for their donation and their involvement in the community.“John and Eileen’s gift adds another chapter to their storied legacy at Notre Dame,” Swarbrick said in the release. “John’s accolades as a student-athlete are well-documented and have earned him a rightful place in Notre Dame lore. But it’s the commitment of John and Eileen to their family, their business and other Fighting Irish student-athletes that truly speaks to who they are. We thank them for this tremendous gift, which ensures stories like John and Eileen’s will continue for generations to come.”As a child, John would listen to Notre Dame football games on the radio while working at his father’s citrus farm in Anaheim, Calif., according to the release. He entered the University in 1961, and helped the team achieve a 9-1 record during his senior year.As the result of his performance that season, John became the sixth Notre Dame player to earn the Heisman Trophy. According to the release, John also earned consensus first-team All-America honors and UPI Player of the Year. In 2005, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.John said he was inspired to donate to Notre Dame in honor of his role models in the football program.“You can’t pay it back; you can only pay it forward,” he said in the release. “For me, it goes back to some of the group I learned from, guys from the ‘40’s and ‘50’s. Leon Hart, Johnny Lujack, Johnny Lattner — those guys were great about coming back and being involved with the program and setting an example. I always wanted to be like them. It just so happens football was my mainstay. But all the sports at Notre Dame, from track, to fencing, to baseball, represent the University so well and are deserving of support. We felt it was important to help them all.”In the 1965 American Football League draft, he was a second-round selection of the New York Jets, according to the release. He later played professionally for several teams, including the Philadelphia Eagles, Boston Patriots, Kansas City Chiefs, Minnesota Vikings and Chicago Bears. In 1975, the final year of his career, he played for Memphis of the World Football League.Tags: Heisman Trophy winner, Joyce Grants-in-Aid Program, Scholarshipslast_img read more

  • The Local Cup hosts second-annual Christmas caroling event

    first_imgAt The Local Cup, a hot cup of coffee means so much more when it’s been paid for by a generous neighbor.  A volunteer-run community-based coffee shop, The Local Cup contributes to Near Northwest Neighborhood, Inc., a community development corporation located in the near northwest neighborhood of South Bend. The Local Cup’s “Pay-It-Forward” model ensures that “every patron, regardless of how much they add to the jar, is welcomed and served warmly,” according to the shop’s website.Annie Maguire, a Saint Mary’s junior, has been working at The Local Cup for three years, and said her time at the coffee shop has become more than just an after-school job.“The Local Cup has provided a home for me in South Bend,” she said in an email. “It is an outlet for social engagement and community engagement that has changed my experience at Saint Mary’s College immensely. I am grateful and proud to be a part of the Near Northwest Community of change-makers.”The shop’s unique payment model allows customers of all income levels to become regulars, and values meaningful interactions over business transactions, Maguire said.“The Local Cup is a community-gathering space that provides neighbors, visitors and guests with a space to connect and share genuine, human moments with each cup of coffee,” she said. “It provides the warmth of a home to the community and offers a unique model of business that prioritizes inclusion and kindness. Each cup is brewed.”This Saturday, for the second year in a row, The Local Cup will host a group of Christmas carolers before heading out into the surrounding neighborhood to spread some holiday spirit through song. After last year’s success, The Local Cup hopes to make its Christmas caroling an annual tradition, Maguire said.Events such as the upcoming caroling have completely changed Maguire’s understanding of community, she said, specifically that of South Bend.“I have never felt a [stronger] sense of belonging to a place throughout my college years,” she said. “I treasure all of the relationships I have made at TLC, and I am so grateful to have been embraced by the Near Northwest Neighborhood. I have learned so much about the history of South Bend through its wonderful community on the Near Northwest Side, as well.”One of The Local Cup’s primary objectives is to strengthen community relations in the Near Northwest Neighborhood, and Maguire said this goal will extend into the Christmas season and beyond.“We are community builders,” she said. “Each cup that we serve and share promotes our mission to build relationships and inspire positive change.”Tags: caroling, christmas, The Local Cuplast_img read more

  • Speaker remembers College’s Graduate School of Theology

    first_imgSandra Yocum, associate professor of Religious Studies at the University of Dayton, spoke to the Saint Mary’s community about the origins of the Saint Mary’s Graduate School of Theology in a lecture Monday night in the Student Center. The lecture, titled “A School of Their Own: Saint Mary’s Graduate School of Sacred Theology (1943 – 1969),” took place to commemorate the College’s 175th anniversary and to celebrate the legacy of poet and third College president Sister Madeleva Wolff.Yocum began her lecture with a quote from “A Room of One’s Own” by author Virginia Woolf.“Less than 100 years ago, Virginia Woolf wrote the famous phrase, ‘A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction,’” Yocum said. “The kind of deep cultural changes that Woolf advocated for remain in too many places unrealized today, as they did back then.” Yocum linked Virginia Woolf’s ideas about women needing their own space to Sister Madeleva, who in ’40s helped create the Graduate School of Theology at the College.“Sister Madeleva created a space and provided the basics, not for women to compose fiction, but for them to study theology,” Yocum said.Yocum said the program traces its roots back to 1943, when Sister Madeleva attended a Catholic Education Conference.“There were no graduate schools for theology in the United States,” she said. “Sister Madeleva volunteered the Saint Mary’s campus as the first graduate school for women to study theology. It was strange because back then, only the ordained studied theology. Neither women, nor unordained men were permitted to study theology at a higher level.”Madeleva used figures from Church tradition to defend women’s education, Yocum said.“In order to justify teaching women advanced theology, Sister Madeleva used examples of Catherine of Sienna and Teresa of Avila, along with other women,” she said. “She wanted to give valiant women a room to become great and to study theology on their own.”Yocum said she believed the divine influenced Madeleva to offer Saint Mary’s as a place for women to study.“She described it as an impulse outside of her will, like a Holy Spirit. It was a leap of faith, an act of hope, and Madeleva chose to take it,” she said. In the beginning the program was small, Yocum said. When the school began in the summer of 1943, it lasted a modest six weeks with only 18 students enrolled and three teachers. In later years, the program grew as more sisters and laypeople arrived. As time went on, the program gained attention from prominent priests and other clergy members, Yocum said. “Archbishop Edwin V. O’Hara was a valuable ally in the school’s founding,” she said. “He used his national stature to support Sister Madeleva’s efforts. He secured other scholars and priests to teach and helped to guarantee jobs for women who graduated from the Saint Mary’s program.”Madeleva also faced competition from other programs that claimed they had the first graduate school, like the Catholic University of America, Yocum said. St. Bonaventure also tried to make this claim, however, and neither program made doctoral degrees in theology available to women. Even with the help Madeleva received, Yocum said she still faced major hurdles to get the new graduate school off the ground. “The search for professors was especially hard,” Yocum said. “She was doubted and questioned, yet valiantly she persisted.” Yocum interviewed several former students of the theology program and said to many of them, their strongest memories are of Madeleva’s strong personality and lasting impact on the graduate experience. “She held poetry readings with her students and always invited them into her office,” Yocum said. “Graduates spoke about her willingness to eat with them and the way she would invite them into the garden behind her office.” Yocum said the graduate school helped foster a community of sisters.“Sisters from different religious orders would spend time with each other and the laypeople in the program, which was incredibly unique back then,” she said.  The program ended shortly after Madeleva’s retirement in 1961, Yocum said, and it officially closed in 1966 with the last class graduating in 1969. However, graduates continued to make an impact in their communities. “[Alumna] Mary Daly wrote The Church and the Second Sex, a feminist critique of the Church,” Yocum said. “Other sisters became a backbone of their communities. Sister Therese Rose Lang founded Bethany House in 1984. It provides long-term housing for victims of domestic abuse and helps care for the women.” Tags: graduate school of theology, Sister Madeleva Wolff, Sisters of Holy Crosslast_img read more

  • Notre Dame students select 1993 photograph as newest addition to Snite collection

    first_imgEmma Farnan | The Observer The Snite Museum unveiled a new addition to its permanent collection on Tuesday. The Judith Joy Ross photo was chosen by a group of students as part of PhotoFutures.Bridget Hoyt, curator of education for academic programs at the Snite, said PhotoFutures is responsible for selecting a photograph that “addresses a theme that adds value to the permanent collection of the Snite Museum, that is a good and important aesthetic object and that also supports the mission of the University.”“So [the photograph] doesn’t just belong in an art museum, but it belongs in this art museum,” Hoyt said.The photograph chosen was “Randy Sartori, 1st Grade, Mrs. Starkey’s Class, A.D. Thomas Elementary School, Hazleton, Pennsylvania” taken in 1993 by photographer Judith Joy Ross.Sumner said members of the committee decided to choose the photograph in part because they felt many Americans could relate to it.“The main reason that we chose this [photograph] is that we felt that it was just universal,” Sumner said. “So if you look at it, you can kind of see yourself in this boy. I think that a huge mundane aspect of education is that sometimes we are disengaged from what we’re learning. And it’s important to realize that and try to improve that within the American education system.”The students considered photographs from several different eras, starting in the 1800s through the Civil Rights Movement, and finally landed on a piece that is a bit more contemporary.“We wanted the focus to be on education itself and not on some movement itself, like the Civil Rights Movement or the Public Works projects that were going on in the 1800s,” Harper said. ”We really wanted the focus to be on a classroom and the students within the classroom.”The unveiling ceremony took place Tuesday evening at the Snite. A crowd gathered around to see the acquisition that will now be a permanent piece in the museum.“When you look at the photo, you’re at the level of Randy,” Patrick said. “You’re looking in his eyes, and you can place yourself in his shoes and the experience in that classroom. There’s something so momentary, like you’re capturing him in this moment of being in the classroom, being in that space. We thought it was really powerful and moving and made it so visually compelling and important to add to our collection.”Each member of the group reflected on a different aspect of the piece, but all were pleased with the final selection.“It’s a real joy that the museum can participate in something that’s innovative and something that’s important—and because it’s coming into a permanent collection—something that’s lasting,” Snite Museum director Joe Becherer said.Tags: Judith Joy Ross, PhotoFutures, Snite Museum Museums are places of ideas, and the students of PhotoFutures 2019 had specific ideas in mind when choosing the new photograph for the Snite Museum’s permanent collection.The photograph added to the Snite’s collection was chosen by a group of Notre Dame students. Throughout the fall semester, members of PhotoFutures — senior Sarah Harper, sophomores Abigail Patrick and Claire Stein, junior Cameron Sumner and senior exchange student Stanley Ying — focused on helping choose a photograph in line with the theme “American education.” (Editor’s Note: Patrick is a Viewpoint copy editor for The Observer.)last_img read more